Important Things That Will do India's Pragyan Rober on the Moon

Important Things That Will do India’s Pragyan Rober on the Moon

Things That Will do India’s Pragyan Rober on the Moon: India’s Pragyan rover is a small, six-wheeled robot that will explore the lunar surface near the south pole after rolling out from the Vikram lander, which successfully landed on the moon on August 23, 2023.

Pragyan, which means “wisdom” in Sanskrit, is part of India’s third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, which aims to study the moon’s geology, mineralogy, and environment.

Important Things That Will do India’s Pragyan Rober on the Moon

Pragyan is equipped with two scientific instruments:

#1. Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS)

The APXS will measure the elemental composition of the lunar rocks and soil

#2. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS)

LIBS will analyze the chemical composition of the surface by using a laser beam.

Pragyan will also carry a Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA), which will reflect laser signals from orbiting spacecraft or Earth-based observatories.

Important Things That Will do India's Pragyan Rober on the Moon

Pragyan’s Misson on the Moon

Pragyan’s mission is expected to last for one lunar day, which is equivalent to about 14 Earth days. During this time, Pragyan will communicate only with the Vikram lander, which will relay the data to the Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) on Earth.

How will work Vikram Lander on the Moon

The Vikram lander will also perform its own experiments using four payloads: a Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA), a Chandra’s Surface Thermo physical Experiment (ChaSTE), an Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA), and a Spectro-polarimetry of HAbitable Planet Earth (SHAPE).

Important Things That Will do India's Pragyan Rober on the Moon
Image credit: Pragativadi

Reasons of Pragyan’s Mission

Pragyan’s mission is significant for several reasons.

#1. It will provide valuable information about the lunar south pole region, which is considered to be rich in water ice and other resources that could support future human exploration.

#2. It will demonstrate India’s technological capabilities and scientific prowess in space exploration.

#3. It will inspire young Indians and people around the world to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).

Secrets of the success of India’s Chandrayaan 3 mission

India's Chandrayaan 3 Moon Landing Live Telecast: Be a Witness of Memorable Moments

Pragyan’s mission is also a testament to India’s resilience and determination.

After the failure of Chandrayaan-2’s landing attempt in 2019, India did not give up on its lunar ambitions. Instead, it learned from its mistakes and improved its design and operations for Chandrayaan-3.

What are the records does India made after this success

India’s successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 made it only the fourth country in history to achieve such a feat, after the United States, China, and the former Soviet Union.

After this success, India also has become the 1st country in the world who successfully landed its lander on the south pole of Moon.

About Pragyan Rober

Image credit: India Today

Pragyan is a robotic rover that was launched as part of the Chandrayaan-3 mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on July 14, 2023.

It successfully landed on the lunar south pole on August 23, 2023, making India the first country to softly land a spacecraft on the Moon’s south pole.

The Pragyan rover is about 27 kg (60 lb) in mass and has six wheels. It is powered by solar panels and is designed to operate for 14 days on the lunar surface.

The rover is equipped with a variety of scientific instruments, including a camera, a spectrometer, and a magnetometer.

The main objectives of the Pragyan rover are to:

  • Explore the lunar south pole
  • Study the composition of the lunar soil
  • Search for water ice
  • Investigate the lunar environment

The Pragyan rover is a major milestone in India’s space program and is a significant contribution to the global exploration of the Moon.

Here are some additional details about the Pragyan rover:

Important Things That Will do India's Pragyan Rober on the Moon
Image credit: India Today
  • It is named after the Sanskrit word for “wisdom”.
  • It is about the size of a microwave oven.
  • It can travel at a speed of 1 cm per second.
  • It is equipped with a robotic arm that can be used to collect samples of the lunar soil.
  • It is also equipped with a drill that can be used to collect samples from deeper layers of the lunar soil.

The Pragyan rover is a valuable asset to the Chandrayaan-3 mission and is expected to make significant discoveries about the lunar south pole.

Conclusion

Pragyan’s mission is a proud moment for India and a milestone for humanity. As Pragyan roams the moon, it will not only collect scientific data but also convey a message of hope and curiosity to all who gaze at the night sky.

Important Things That Will do India's Pragyan Rober on the Moon

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